SCI/ SCIE indexed Journals are the most reputed journals in the field of Science and Engineering. It is expected that one should have completed rigorous deep and broad studies to give a potential review or survey paper. Publishing a reputed Survey paper gives you recommendations and reputation in terms of academics and career. Aspirants of writing a review paper in peer-reviewed journals are those who have made a checklist to begin with PhD in Computers, Science and Technology. Such candidates understand the value of research in good journals. Although, the information provided over internet is huge regarding writing for review and survey papers. Once you understand the meaning of survey paper, you will be able to identify the information which you need to collect for writing a review paper or survey paper after literature review. Note that only after thorough literature survey, one can write a great review paper.
Difference between Survey Paper and Review Paper
There is a significant difference between survey paper and review paper as discussed below. The information carried in survey paper should follow quantitative approach but for review paper one should have complete though-process for deep understanding and theoretical analysis of the existing approaches.
The survey paper can be written by a new PhD aspirant but the review paper should be written by an experienced researcher.
The survey paper is not just a core dump of collection of information from previous path-breaking research articles. This is much more than the summation of the existing techniques. It is a quantitative approach to answer the descriptive questionnaire design for a specific problem domain. The knowledge about the subject should be complete and storyline is required to link up different research papers with respect to the consistent development in the specific problem domain. The idea behind writing a survey paper should be the collective analysis of all the existing techniques with respect to the proposed approaches, parameters and dataset used.
In review paper, the theoretical and practical analysis of existing technique, thorough review of the existing techniques and understanding of the information given by these paper should be analyzed. The information should be evaluated on the basis of the results obtained by practically implementing the existing techniques of research papers on different datasets and different parameters. The research papers information should be linked with each other and expressed in the form of development process for a solution.
About the Structure of the Survey Paper
The structure of the survey paper should be in proper format so that the information is disseminated to the readers as per their interest. It is very important to maintain the proper structure and flow of the article so that the readers do not loose interest. Is it easy to retain interest of users. How? The structured information might be classified into following criteria.
Increasingly complexity or scale
There may be a spectrum of solutions which you need to present in a survey paper. This is because many and you might organize them by complexity or scale. The complexity should be decided by the author as per their requirements. Some survey papers are very complex in terms of defining hybrid (following and follower) links from and to the research papers in the related domain. The complex data should be structured into different parts while writing in a classified form.
Provide one or more taxonomies of methods for association rule mining. Each taxonomy should be based in some important criteria. May be there is a taxonomy already created, then papers should be grouped into classes; may be there is no taxonomy, then it should be proposed and then papers should be grouped into classes.
Static vs. dynamic
Many field organize by static techniques, dynamic techniques, and even hybrid. This is the new approach to create a survey paper because in every field of science and engineering, the information is extracted from streaming data and real-time data. Thus, the dynamic approaches of the problem domain are extensively being studied these days. Thus, different forms of research papers for different type of data should be represented in separate sections.
Partitioning the design space
Lots of systems are made up of components, so maybe for a compiler paper, you could divide by the classic scanner, parser, symbol table, code generator and optimizer. Also, partitioning of paper is important in terms of building interests of readers and making the information more structures and classified. This is done by writing information about different techniques with respect to classified domains. The design of the survey paper is the key to understand the blue-print of the paper. As it conveys the diverse information about the existing techniques, the design describes the structure of the paper in the form of design.
Major techniques in a field
The major techniques are those technique which have been widely used in the application domains and are highly cited as observed during literature review. Usually, research papers in core-ranked conferences and SCI indexed journals including Transactions with three digit citations are considered as important and path breaking techniques. For example, in fault tolerance, you see fail stop vs. fail forward, or logging vs. hot-backup. In concurrency control, there is a natural divide between optimistic vs. pessimistic techniques. Discuss advantages and shortcomings of each method.
Sometimes the course of development of a field has a clear linear nature and is intrinsically interesting in itself. This is an over-used techniques in many cases where it really doesn’t add understanding. Additionally, it is extremely important to understand the existing information and read the relevant research papers to make a perspective about the problem domain. Sometimes, sleeping beauties are usually referred to continue the solution with better approach.Thus, it is important to build a perspective before you go for analysis.
Basically, an ACM Computing Surveys article answers the questions,
‘What is currently known about this area, and what does it mean to researchers and practitioners?’
It should supply the basic knowledge to enable new researchers to enter the area, current researchers to continue developments, and practitioners to apply the results.”
Additional Information which is Required for Review Paper
The review paper should contain much extra information as compared to that of survey paper. The existing techniques should be implemented on different datasets and for various parameters to show the comparative results. The results should be embedded in the review paper after you create some opinion, some viewpoint about the existing techniques. The traditional techniques should be analyzed under different circumstances and for every setup, the best and optimum techniques should be recorded as per the requirement. This shall set as a base for doing research further in those fields. Thus, the information should be linked and expressed in terms of a viewpoint as in how the problem is being solved in existing literature survey and which other approaches can be used along with the logic behind using the alternative algorithms which are suggested by you.
How to Assemble the Information for Survey Paper and Review Paper
Although there are numerous approaches to put up an article, but most of the successful review papers have been written by following these steps as given below. These steps have been summarized to give you the idea about how should one write the paper.
Collect base information from each related research paper
The information like that of year, author, dataset used, techniques used, algorithm proposed, performance measures used, parameters used, results obtained, language used and other parameters which affect your study should be collected in excel sheet. This should be common format for each paper. While you read research papers collect this information and store it in an excel sheet for each paper.
Linking the research
Try to link the set of research papers using authors, year and previous study. In previous study, research papers usually mention their continuity for the existing techniques in terms of better approach or better problem domain by scaling up the results or dataset. This can also be evaluated based of different circumstances and datasets. The research papers should be linked to each other and storyline should be created.
Tips and Tricks to Write the Review Paper
One should follow following tips and tricks to write up a review paper
- Always give your own inferences along with summarizing the conclusion with future scope. Make a viewpoint and try to express it in the expandable form so that you may show some insights about the future scope of the research paper which you have discussed. The research paper should take the existing problem and give future insights just like that of writing a research paper in SCI indexed journal.
- Add images of taxonomies classification, tabular representation of results and algorithms used, the comparative analysis based graphical results, other graphical and pictorial representation of the insights as observed.
- Do not focus on large number of research papers which needs to be discussed. Just choose good number of path breaking research papers which actually contributes towards the solution of problem domain and which could make a difference in future work. One should note that academic researchers suggest that a good survey has to have at least 55 to 70 references among which 30-35 core papers should be included which actually makes difference.
- Write on something that one is the expert on the field and has some experience in doing research. For review paper, you should sufficient knowledge in your field along with publication. This types of paper are same as research articles with little difference.
- Remember the structure of the paper
1. Think of an Area and Select a Topic as per your Interest/Importance.2. Study recent publications in Conference/Journals. IEEE , Elsevier ACM etc.3. Online Resources such as Blog posts and Wikipedia are of GREAT help.4. Collect the relevant material as you surf through various resources and jot down the information5. The following may be the used as a format to Develop the full article.a. Introductionb. Literature Surveyc. Comparative Study/Analysisd. Discussion (Based on Comparative/Analysis)e. Conclusion( Solid conclusion/ Recommendation)In survey papers the References are very important. The Comparative Study/Analysis is the deciding Section of the paper for Selection/ Rejection.
Once the article is finalized, it is very important to choose the right Guide for thorough grilling of the review paper. One should choose right journal to publish their research work. The review papers can be published in Thomson reuter SCI indexed journals as well which are considered to be the most valuable set of journals.